More – and better – funding
Energy should be a higher priority for donors and host countries. Through changing the way energy is funded and delivered, donors and humanitarian agencies can gain greater value from initial investments by supporting and ‘de-risking’ private-sector investment, kick-starting local economies and boosting energy supply chains.
More data and information
Standardized data for energy supply, energy use, efficiency, costs and payment mechanisms are needed – especially in refugee camps, where humanitarian agencies can oversee the data-collection process.
Detailed research in different contexts and clear and timely dissemination of results will enable best practices to be shared quickly and widely.
Medium and long-term refugee populations should move quickly from handouts and emergency relief to self-reliance. The expertise to create clean and financially sustainable energy services can often be found in the private sector, so finding the right model for public–private partnerships and outsourcing services is critical.
By building on local markets and the entrepreneurship of displaced, as well as local, people, relevant solutions can often be quickly found and scaled up.
Host governments should consider the benefits of allowing refugees to work legally in host countries, shifting them into a more secure and formal economy, with benefits for all.
Refugees should be included in national energy access targets and plans, allowing host nations to harness humanitarian and development funding to bolster national energy resilience.
Humanitarian organizations and donors should recognize that schemes that also benefit local communities, or contribute to a host country's wider development goals, are more likely to be adopted.