Energy poverty affects millions of displaced people
Without power it is difficult to heat your home, study and work after dark, receive medical services, communicate with dispersed relatives, or engage in any kind of economic activity.
Almost 60 million people worldwide are displaced from their homes by conflict. We estimate that about 80 per cent of those in camps have absolutely minimal access to energy for cooking and heating, and about 90 per cent have no access to electricity.
Energy poverty creates environmental damage
An influx of more people can lead to significant resource pressures. This is particularly the case in areas where refugees predominantly consume firewood for fuel.
As forests are cleared, people need to travel further to find fuel, increasing the risks for those involved in its collection, and the costs for those who have to purchase it.
Energy poverty is expensive
In the Dadaab refugee camps in Kenya, we estimate that households spend 24 per cent of their income on energy, compared to a UK household spend of just 4 percent.
Energy poverty is inefficient
Wood and charcoal are inefficient fuels, but they are by far the most common sources of energy used by refugees and displaced people around the world. Burning this kind of biomass fuel emits disproportionately large amounts of CO2 and generates less energy than other types of fuel.
Energy poverty is dangerous
We estimate that 20,000 displaced people die prematurely each year from respiratory illnesses as a result of household air pollution caused by burning wood, charcoal, kerosene and other fuels indoors. Shelters catch fire and children are sometimes accidentally poisoned by drinking kerosene.